White ground lekythos. Two Muses of mount Helicon. A Muse was a minor goddess, usually depicted as a young, beautiful and modest virgin
Our lekythos features a muse, perhaps Euterpe, delicately strumming her lyre on Mount Helicon, Her hands and feet are painted with great confidence and skill. A small bird rests at her feet and listens to her plaintive tune
On the left another muse stands by and listening!
Between the women the inscription, added by the potter, reads “Axiopeithes, the son of Alkimachos, is beautiful.”
The muses ruled the liberal arts, and were named Clio (muse of history), Euterpe (lyric poetry), Thalia (comedy and idyllic poetry), Melpomene (tragedy), Terpsichore (music and dancing), Erato (erotic poetry), Calliope (epic poetry and rhetoric), Urania (astronomy), and Polymnia (sacred hymns and harmony).
About 445 BC
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